COMMITTEES

  • DISEC
  • SOCHUM
  • EU
  • UNODC
  • SENATE
  • SPECPOL
  • NATO
  • UNHCR

The Disarmament and International Security Committee (DISEC) deals with disarmament, threats to peace, and challenges that affect the global community – seeking out solutions to the challenges in the international security regime.
It considers all disarmament and international security matters within the scope of the UN Charter, or relating to the powers and functions of any other organ of the United Nations. The general principles of DISEC include cooperation in the maintenance of international peace and security, promotion of cooperative arrangements to find beneficial solutions through dialogue and implementation of measures aimed at strengthening stability through the control of weapon contractors. It also aims to prevent cyber-warfare, activation of biological and nuclear weapons of mass destruction and terrorism.
DISEC is one of six main committees at the General Assembly of the United Nations. Being the First Committee of the United Nations General Assembly, the sessions of this committee are held after the General Assembly General Debate, and all 193 member states of the UN can attend them.

The Social, Humanitarian and Cultural Issues Committee (SOCHUM) allocates to the Third Committee of the United Nations General Assembly. The Committee’s agenda items relate to a range of social, humanitarian affairs and human rights issues that affect people all over the world. Questions relating to the advancement of women, the protection of children, indigenous issues, the treatment of refugees, the promotion of fundamental freedom through the elimination of racism and geographical discrimination, and the right to self-determination are discussed frequently. The Committee also addresses important social development questions such as issues related to youth, family, senior citizens and persons with disabilities, literacy rates, crime prevention, criminal justice and international drug control. Unlike Security Council resolutions, resolutions passed within the context of a General Assembly are not binding – SOCHUM serving as no exception. Resolutions, by in large, are a set of recommendations for the member states to ratify and adjust accordingly.
The European Union (EU) is an economic and political union between 28 EU countries that together cover much of the continent. What began as a purely economic union formed in the aftermath of the Second World War has evolved into an organization spanning multiple policy areas of utmost importance; from climate, environment and health to external relations and security, justice and migration. The change of name from the European Economic Community (EEC) to the European Union (EU) in 1993 reflects this. Having enhanced participation rights in the United Nations, the EU operates its own missions to support the UN, and also supports the UN's values of freedom, democracy and human rights. The preamble to the EU's treaty cites the human rights articles in UN Charter, and EU members are very active in the UN Human Rights Council. The EU was also instrumental in setting up the system of UN Special Rapporteurs on human rights issues. Recent developments such as the financial meltdown in Greece and Brexit, a referendum conducted in the United Kingdom in which the majority voted in favour of leaving the European Union, have created new complications for the organization.
The United Nations Office of Drug Control (UNODC) was established to assist the United Nations in better addressing a coordinated, comprehensive response to the interrelated issues of illicit trafficking and abuse of drugs, crime prevention and criminal justice, international terrorism and political corruption. UNODC was established by combining the United Nations International Drug Control Program (UNDCP) and the Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Division in the United Nations Office at Vienna. It is a member of the United Nations Development Group. The main areas of support of UNODC are: border management and counter trafficking, criminal justice, and drug demand reduction. In order to achieve these objectives, UNODC enhances core capacities of law enforcement agencies to reduce illicit traffic and manage borders, primarily by providing training and equipment; provides assistance to build the capacities of the police, prosecution, prisons and reclamation and probation departments; and supports the Government’s capacity to plan, resource and implement drug use treatment, rehabilitation and comprehensive harm reduction services.
The Senate of Pakistan is the upper legislative chamber of the bicameral legislature of Pakistan, and together with the National Assembly makes up the Majlis-e-Shoora. The main purpose for the creation of the Senate of Pakistan was to give equal representation to all the federating units since the membership of the National Assembly was based on the population of each province. Each of the four provincial assemblies elect twenty three members from their respective provinces whereas four members are elected by the National Assembly from the Federal Capital and eight Members are elected from the Federal Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) in such manner as the President may, by order, prescribe. The Senate has several exclusive powers not granted to the National Assembly, including the powers of legislation and accountability of the Prime Minister’s Cabinet. The Senate is the permanent House which symbolizes a process of continuity in the national affairs. Some of the committees formed in the Senate include the Committee on Government Assurances, the Committee on Human Rights and the Committee on Problems of Less Developed Areas.
The Special Political and Decolonization Committee (SPECPOL), also known as the Fourth Committee, was created in 1993 in accordance with General Assembly Resolution 47/233. The UN itself describes the committee as concerning itself “with a variety of subjects which include those related to decolonization, Palestinian refugees and human rights, peacekeeping, mine action, outer space, public information, atomic radiation and [the] University for Peace”. Its main objective is addressing significant political matters, such as self-determination, decolonization and other international security concerns. SPECPOL originally assessed issues that the First Committee (DISEC) was not able to handle, but it was given other topics to address and a broader overall scope due to its success in addressing the Palestine question, among others. In its current role, the Fourth Committee can be viewed as the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) entrance door, since the questions discussed at the Security Council are often assessed earlier by SPECPOL not only because the committee’s approach is broader in terms of international security, but also because it allows all United Nations (UN) member states to be heard before the question reaches other UN instances.
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) is an intergovernmental political and military alliance based on the North Atlantic Treaty, the essential purpose of which is to safeguard the freedom and security of its members through political and military means. NATO promotes democratic values and encourages consultation and cooperation on defence and security issues to build trust and, in the long run, prevent conflict. It is committed to the peaceful resolution of disputes. If diplomatic efforts fail, it has the military capacity needed to undertake crisis-management operations. These are carried out under Article 5 of the Washington Treaty - NATO’s founding treaty - or under a UN mandate, alone or in cooperation with other countries and international organizations. A “NATO decision” is the expression of the collective will of all 28-member countries since all decisions are taken by the principle of consensus. The main goal of the Committee is to adopt a communiqué on the topic at hand, which is possible only through consensus. A few examples of recent NATO decisions are the military operations carried out in Iraq and Afghanistan, as well as the intervention in the Libyan War.
The UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) is a Nobel Prize winning UN agency mandated to lead and coordinate international action to protect refugees and Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs). The main activities include the protection of refugees’ and IDP’s rights, emergency help through humanitarian action and durable assistance by supporting voluntary repatriation, local integration and resettlement. UNHCR dates back to the post-war scenario in Europe. With approximately 60 million refugees displaced during and after the Second World War, states needed to agree on an effective means to tackle the unprecedented situation. In its attempt to shore up its sphere of influence opposite to the USSR during the Cold War, the United States sought to carry out unilateral efforts to tackle the refugee question by establishing its own refugee agencies in the field. This practice initially undermined UNHCR’s role and performance. However, owing to its contributions in recent mass exoduses due to the Syrian conflict and the Palestine issue, it has regained its status as the sole flag bearer of refugee rights. Bearing in mind possible future conflicts to take place and the evolving nature of warfare, as well as its destructive effects, the Office expanded its range of action to “carry out refugee relief programs and to be the primary humanitarian actor in the global era”.
  • WCW
  • Press Corps
  • UNDP
  • SAARC
  • PCC
  • OIC
  • UNSC
  • UNHRC
Four World Conferences on Women convened by the United Nations in the past quarter of a century have been imperative in elevating the cause of gender equality to the very centre of the global agenda. The founding United Nations charter included a provision for equality between men and women (chapter III, article 8). Subsequently, from 1945 to 1975 various female officials within the United Nations and leaders of women's movements on the global stage attempted to turn these principles into reality. The United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution (resolution 3010) that 1975 should be International Women's Year. The 1990s was a decade marked by strong global mobilization on the part of social movements, including the feminist movement, which sought to ensure the provision of women's rights and gender equality as well as other key agendas for social justice within the fields of population and development, environment and human rights. Women's human rights advocates from all regions actively participated in the UN Conferences of the 1990s at Rio, Vienna, Cairo, Copenhagen and Beijing. The processes and outcomes of these conferences were instrumental in formulating international policy frameworks that would, if properly financed and implemented, advance women's human rights and achieve gender equality.
The Press Corps is a vibrant simulation of the International Press wherein groups of journalists or correspondents are stationed at various committees, shedding light on international affairs. The existence of the International Press acts as a balancing force between leaders and followers, the governors and the governed and international figures and the global population. It also brings to attention activities and portions of society that are inaccessible to the average citizen. In simple terms, the press always has been and will remain the Vox Populi, i.e. the voice of the people. The press is an essential element of democracy and reveals a diversity of perspectives. Transnational media agencies are at the front of and represent everything from political developments to economic trade alternations. The media is known to possess unparalleled power which makes significant contributions in the initiation of global change. Worldwide, the press serves as the primary link between the United Nations and the global population. NIMUN’s Press Corps is responsible for maintaining this link between the delegates and actions of their committees, ensuring an unparalleled learning experience in terms of understanding the core and vitality of journalism.
The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is the United Nations' global development network. Headquartered in New York City, UNDP advocates for change and connects countries to knowledge, experience and resources to help people build a better life. It provides expert advice, training and grants support to developing countries, with the most emphasis on assistance to the least developed countries. It also promotes technical and investment cooperation among nations. The status of UNDP is that of an executive board within the United Nations General Assembly. The UNDP Administrator is the third highest-ranked official of the United Nations after the United Nations Secretary General and Deputy Secretary General. To accomplish the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and encourage global development, UNDP focuses on poverty reduction, HIV/AIDS, democratic governance, energy and environment, social development, climate change and crisis prevention and recovery. UNDP also encourages the protection of human rights and the empowerment of women in all its programs. UNDP is funded entirely by voluntary contributions from member nations. The organization operates in 177 countries, where it works with local governments to meet development challenges pertaining to urbanization and access to food and clean water among others, and develop local capacity.
The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) is the regional intergovernmental organization and geopolitical union of nations in South Asia. Its member states include Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, the Maldives, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. SAARC comprises 3% of the world's area, 21% of the world's population and 3.8% (US$2.9 trillion) of the global economy, as of 2015. States with observer status include Australia, China, the European Union, Iran, Japan, Mauritius, Myanmar, South Korea and the United States. Founded in Dhaka on 8th December 1985 and based in Kathmandu, SAARC promotes development of economic and diplomatic correspondence within the region to maintain peace. It launched the South Asian Free Trade Area in 2004 to encourage commercial activity between its members. SAARC maintains permanent diplomatic relations at the United Nations as an observer and has developed links with multilateral entities, including the European Union.
Pakistan Crisis Cabinet is a confederate institutional and advisory body administered by the Prime Minister of Pakistan as its chairman. The PCC is a prominent forum that is mandated for considering national security and foreign policy matters associated with Pakistan. The idea of Pakistan Crisis Council was first initiated in 1969 under the President Yahya Khan, and its functions were to advise and assist the President and Prime Minister on national security and foreign policies. PCC provides legal cover for expanding the role and influence of the military science circles in the nation's public and political science affairs to subdue the popular democratic transitional process in the country. The Cabinet works as a forum for consultation of the president and the federal government on matters of national security including the sovereignty, integrity, defense, security of the state and crisis management.
The Organisation of Islamic Cooperation is an international organization found in 1969, consisting of 57 member states, with a collective population of over 1.8 billion as of 2015 with 53 countries being Muslim Majority countries. The organisation states that it is "the collective voice of the Muslim world" and works to "safeguard and protect the interests of the Muslim world in the spirit of promoting international peace and harmony". According to its charter, the OIC aims to preserve Islamic social and economic values; promote solidarity amongst member states; increase cooperation in social, economic, cultural, scientific, and political areas; uphold international peace and security; and advance education, particularly in the fields of science and technology. The OIC is the second largest inter-governmental organisation in the world, and the sole representative of the viewpoints of the Muslim World. Its headquarters are located in the hub of the Islamic brethren, Saudi Arabia. It has permanent delegations to the United Nations and the European Union.
The United Nations Security Council is one of the 6 principal organs of the United Nations. The main tasks associated with the Security Council are the establishment of worldwide peace, the approval of new memberships to countries and amendments to the charter of the United Nations. The Security Council is one of the most powerful bodies in the world. Its task is to immediately call for action on the most pertinent of issues. The purpose of the council is to ensure that no resolution is passed if it may prove to be harmful to the prevailing condition of peace in the world. It is known to consider resolutions and recommendations from other committees in order to formulate and establish global policies. The Security Council investigates any disputes between states, and tries to resolve them peacefully by deploying UN Peacekeepers. A few notable examples of Peacekeeping missions initiated by the Security Council are the ceasefires in the Korean War, Suez Canal issue and the uprisings in Central Africa.
The United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) works on the promotion and protection of human rights across the globe.It lays great emphasis on the provision of basic human rights by highlighting the nuances of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) in the face of global challenges. It aims to prevent injustices and violations of a global citizen’s rights. One of the most challenging elements at play in the committee are the issues associated with implementation of resolutions which deal with varying socio-cultural dimensions and their consequent challenges. The committee lays great emphasis upon establishing standards for the development of a humanitarian culture that recognizes the importance of an individual’s rights as a human. It also aims to eradicate discrimination of all sorts, be it cultural, social, geographical, sexual or religious, and ensure uniformity in the basic rights provided to everyone.

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